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Kimberly Barnash
Kimberly Barnash

Kimberly Diane Barnash, Kelsey N Lamb, Jacob I Stuckey, Jacqueline L. Norris-Drouin, Stephanie H Cholensky, Dmitri B. Kireev, Stephen V. Frye, and Lindsey I. James

ACS Chem. Biol., Just Accepted Manuscript
DOI: 10.1021/acschembio.6b00415
Publication Date (Web): June 29, 2016
Copyright © 2016 American Chemical Society
Efforts to develop strategies for small molecule chemical probe discovery against the readers of the methyl-lysine (Kme) post-translational modification have been met with limited success. Targeted disruption of these protein-protein interactions via peptidomimetic inhibitor optimization is a promising alternative to small molecule hit discovery; however, recognition of identical peptide motifs by multiple Kme reader proteins presents a unique challenge in the development of selective Kme reader chemical probes. These selectivity challenges are exemplified by the Polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1) chemical probe, UNC3866, which demonstrates sub-micromolar off-target affinity toward the non-PRC1 chromodomains CDYL2 and CDYL. Moreover, since peptidomimetics are challenging subjects for structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies, traditional optimization of UNC3866 would prove costly and time-consuming. Herein, we report a broadly applicable strategy for the affinity-based, target-class screening of chromodomains via the repurposing of UNC3866 in an efficient, combinatorial peptide library. A first-generation library yielded UNC4991, a UNC3866 analog that exhibits a distinct selectivity profile while maintaining sub-micromolar affinity toward the CDYL chromodomains. Additionally, in vitro pull-down experiments from HeLa nuclear lysates further demonstrate the selectivity and utility of this compound for future elucidation of CDYL protein function.  Read more…
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